FIRES WORKING PAPERS
Magnus Henrekson and Tino Sanandaji, November: 2016
The purpose of this study is to explore whether Europe has an “entrepreneurship deficit” compared to other industrialized regions. Cross-country comparisons are difficult due to the lack of standard empirical definitions of entrepreneurship. Measures focusing on small business activity, self-employment and startup rates suggest that Europe has higher rates of entrepreneurship than the United States. However, most business activity is not entrepreneurial in the Schumpeterian sense. Comparisons of rates of small business activity and self-employment are therefore not sufficient to measure potential differences in Schumpeterian entrepreneurship.
WP16-02 D5.5 An Evaluation of German Active Labor Market Policies and its Entrepreneurship Promotion
Moritz Zollner, Michael Fritsch and Michael Wyrwich: December 2016
Philip de Man, War Munters and Axel Marx, November 30: 2016